(Futurity) Quantum teleportation may be possible between electrons, University of Rochester researchers say.
The research is an important step in improving quantum computing, which, in turn, has the potential to revolutionize technology, medicine, and science by providing faster and more efficient processors and sensors.
Quantum teleportation involves two distant, entangled particles in which the state of a third particle instantly “teleports” its state to the two entangled particles. Quantum teleportation is an important means for transmitting information in quantum computing.
“Individual electrons are promising qubits because they interact very easily with each other, and individual electron qubits in semiconductors are also scalable,” says John Nichol, an assistant professor of physics at the University of Rochester. “Reliably creating long-distance interactions between electrons is essential for quantum computing.”
The results pave the way for future research on quantum teleportation involving spin states of all matter, not just photons, and provide more evidence for the surprisingly useful capabilities of individual electrons in qubit semiconductors.