Quantum Random Number Generators: A Ten-year Market Assessment

Report IQT-QRNG-0121
Published January 19, 2021

Quantum Random Number Generators (QRNGs) have taken on an important new role in the quantum technology business in the past year or so. They have proved to be a key enabling technology for quantum-level security in mobile devices, data centers and medical implants, to name just a few key areas. QRNGs have also provided a welcome improvement for standard RNGs, which have been used for years in scientific research, in gaming, etc.

In addition the advent of QRNGs also provides an entry strategy for many firms into the quantum technology space. But while the QRNG space is relatively easy to enter, this creates the issue of how QRNG firms can best distinguish their offerings in the marketplace. QRNG positioning is currently being achieved through form factors. throughputs, chip sizes, pricing certifiability, health checks, marketing focus and more.

The report includes a quantitative ten-year forecast for QRNGs, with breakouts by form factor (chips, extension cards and standalone devices), as well as application (smartphones, IoT, finance, telecommunications, government and military, data centers, gambling, and R&D. Forecasts are provided in volume and value terms. The report also profiles 13 firms currently producing QRNGs setting out their products, market strategies, markets targeted, financing, etc.

This report is intended for market planners and strategists at firms in the quantum technology, cybersecurity, gaming, and data communications sectors to name a few. We also believe the report will make essential reading for investors and quantum specialists at research institutes and universities.

 Table of Contents 
Chapter One: Introduction
1.1 Background to this Report
1.1.1 Is the “Q” Necessary for the RNG?
1.1.2 The Massive Market Potential for QRNG
1.2 The QRNG Supply Chain: Is QRNG a Truly Disruptive Technology?
1.3 Goals and Scope of this Report
1.4 Methodology of this Report
1.4.1 Forecasting Methodology
1.5 Plan of this Report
Chapter Two: QRNG Technologies and Products
2.1 Pseudo vs. True vs Quantum
2.2 PRNGs
2.2.1 Flaws Associated with PRNG Technology
2.2.2 Cryptographically Secure PRNGs
2.2.3 PRNG Standards
2.3 TRNGs
2.3.1 TRNG Mechanisms
2.4 QRNGs
2.5 A Note on QRNGs and PQC
2.6 QRNGs Considered by Form Factor
2.6.1 Chips
2.6.2 Extension Cards
2.6.3 Standalone Devices
2.7 Key Points from this Chapter
Chapter Three: QRNG Markets and Applications
3.1 Introduction
3.2 QRNGs in Mobile Phones: A Forecast
3.2.1 Samsung Galaxy A Quantum
3.2.2 Vsmart Aris 5G
3.2.3 5G and QRNGs
3.2.4 Mobile Phones: Which Type of Phones are Markets for QRNGs?
3.2.5 Supply Chain Conditions for QRNGs in the Mobile Phone Sector
3.3 QRNGs in IoT: A Forecast
3.3.1 IoT Security
3.3.2 Adoption Rates for QRNGs in the IoT
3.4 QRNGs in Financial Services: A Forecast
3.4.1 JPMorgan Chase: FLARE
3.4.2 Westpac Bank
3.4.3 NS&I
3.4.4 Mt Pelerin
3.5 QRNGs in Telecommunications: A Forecast
3.5.1 BT
3.5.2 SK Telecom
3.6 QRNGs in the Government and Military: A Forecast
3.6.1 U.K. Activity
3.6.2 Quantum Flagship
3.7 Data Centers and Cloud Providers: A Ten-year Forecast
3.7.1 NetDocuments
3.7.2 Sterci and Interoute
3.8 QRNGs in Gambling: A Forecast
3.8.1 PokerStars
3.8.2 IDQuantique Use Cases
3.9 QRNGs, R&D and Simulations: A Forecast
Chapter Four: QRNGs — Manufacturers and Strategies
4.1 Motivations and Market Barriers for QRNG Business Entry
4.1.1 Factors Driving the QRNG Business
4.1.2 Factors Working Against QRNG Commercialization
4.2 QRNG Standards and Tests
4.2.1 ITU-T (International)
4.2.2 ISO/IEC Standards
4.2.3 NIST (United States)
4.2.4 DIEHARD (United States)
4.2.5 EITCI Quantum Standards Group (Europe)
4.2.6 QRANGE and the EU Quantum Technology Flagship (Europe)
4.2.7 BSI (Germany)
4.2.8 National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom)
4.2.9 Hudson Institute (United States)
4.3 QRNG Vendors
4.4 Robert Bosch (Germany)
4.4.1 QRNG Business
4.5 Cambridge Quantum Computing (United Kingdom)
4.5.1 QRNG Alliance with IBM
4.6 Crypta Labs (United Kingdom)
4.6.1 Customers and Partners
4.6.2 Funding
4.7 Defense Research and Development Organization (India)
4.8 ID Quantique (Switzerland)
4.8.1 QRNG Products
4.8.2 Customers and Partners
4.9 InfiniQuant (Germany)
4.10 KETS (United Kingdom)
4.10.1 View on IoT Applications for QRNGs
4.10.2 Other Alliances and Funding
4.11 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (U.S.) and Qrypt
4.12.1 Partnership with Qrypt
4.13 Quantum Dice (United Kingdom)
4.13.1 Technology
4.13.2 Funding
4.14 QuintessenceLabs (Australia, U.S.)
4.14.1 Products
4.14.2 Funding
4.15 Quantum Numbers Corp.
4.16 Quside (Spain)
4.16.1 Products
4.16.2 Customers and Partners
4.17 Toshiba Europe (United Kingdom)
4.17.1 Chip-based QRNG
4.17.2 European Commission
4.18 Other Firms
About the Analyst
Acronyms and Abbreviations Used In this Report
List of Exhibits
Exhibit 2-1: Selected Applications for Random Number Generators
Exhibit 2-2: Marketing Problems Surrounding QRNGs
Exhibit 2-3: Advantages of QRNGs
Exhibit 2-4: QRNG Form Factor Comparison
Exhibit 3-1: QRNG Applications and Opportunities
Exhibit 3-2: QRNG Market Status – Phones and IoT Devices
Exhibit 3-3: QRNGs in Data Center Security
Exhibit 4-1: Types of Firms in the QRNG Market and their Motivations
Exhibit 4-2: QRNG Vendors
Exhibit 4-3: IDQ Quantis QRNG Products

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