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Quantum News Briefs July 8: Zapata AI & D-Wave Quantum announce expanded partnership to accelerate development & delivery of generative AI platforms • 2D quantum cooling system: temps colder than outer space, converts heat into electrical voltage • Crypto-agility and quantum-safe readiness

IQT News — Quantum News Briefs
By Sandra Helsel posted 08 Jul 2024

News releases:

Zapata AI & D-Wave Quantum announce expanded partnership to accelerate development & delivery of generative AI platforms


Zapata Computing Holdings Inc. and D-Wave Quantum Inc. today announced a significant expansion to their joint commercial partnership, designed to accelerate the development and delivery of integrated quantum and generative AI solutions in D‑Wave’s Leap cloud platform as per the July 8 announcement.
The new agreement leverages Zapata’s proprietary Universal Generative AI software for rapid development and builds upon D-Wave’s Leap real‑time quantum cloud service to support quantum, hybrid quantum, and classical AI solutions. The joint development work will focus on improved and more energy efficient model training, more performant models, and the synergistic use of Generative AI and quantum optimization.
The expanded partnership comes as quantum computing is beginning to demonstrate how it could enable more accurate and efficient AI model training, as well as leveraging the predictive capabilities of AI to deliver better-optimized business processes. Quantum computing stands to supercharge AI for certain enterprise use cases and drive sustainability, lower cost, and operational efficiency. This means quantum computing could help boost AI advancement for complex, massively scaled computational models, deep learning, natural language processing, and computer vision – without consuming enormous amounts of energy.

In Other News: TweakTown reports: “2D quantum cooling system: temps colder than outer space, converts heat into electrical voltage”

A research team at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EFPL) have developed a 2D quantum cooling system that’s capable of reducing temperatures down to 100 millikelvins, all by converting heat into electrical voltage as per the reporting by Anthony Garreffa in TweakTown on July 7.
Ultra-low operating temperatures are the cornerstone of quantum computing, as quantum bits (qubits) are sensitive to heat and must be cooled down to less than 1K.
The 2D quantum cooling system developed by the researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EFPL) can cool down to 100mK, which is colder than outer space. It does this at the same efficiency as current cooling technologies running at room temperatures.
The LANES team has called their technological advance a 2D quantum cooling system because of the way it was built. Just a few atoms (yes, atoms) thick, the new material acts like a two-dimensional object, and the combination of graphene and the 2D-thin structure allows it to achieve massive efficiency performance.

IBM Blog: “Crypto-agility and quantum-safe readiness”

With the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) post-quantum cryptographic standard expected to be published this summer, companies need to start navigating the migration to quantum-safe cryptography. The most sustainable and effective way to make cryptosystems resilient for the quantum era is to establish cryptographic agility, or crypto-agility for short. IBM’s June Quantum Research blog provides guidelines written by Ray Harishankar,Michael Osborne, Jai S. Arun, John Buselli and Jennifer Janechek. IQT Briefs summarizes here.
Crypto-agility is not just about transitioning to quantum-safe cryptography in the nimblest way possible, and it’s not something that can be achieved merely by updating encryption algorithms and protocols. Instead, you need to adapt your organization’s cryptographic architecture, automation, and governance to allow for greater control and flexibility as you work to anticipate evolving cyber threats efficiently and with minimal disruption.

New quantum-safe cryptography standards will continue to emerge along with new regulations for security protocols as quantum computing technology advances. Therefore, you must be able to quickly locate and update cryptography across your IT landscape to address emerging cyber threats and vulnerabilities. That means understanding where cryptography is deployed across all the dependent components in a system and how it is implemented in each component.
Crypto-agility also manifests at the level of algorithm design and assurance. Cryptography providers should ensure that there are different algorithm implementations for different security strengths and that the algorithms dynamically scale in security strength based on configuration.
Building crypto-agility might seem like a significant undertaking, but the quantum-safe migration is the perfect time to begin this work.

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